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                                                                                                                                                                          澳门十大赌场排名:长期咀嚼槟榔增加患癌风险 专家:应加大对防治口腔癌的宣传力度

                                                                                                                                                                            长期嚼食槟榔有诱发口腔癌的风险, 这些公众却知之甚少。国家卫健委办公厅近日印发了《健康口腔行动方案(2019-2025年)》,提出在有咀嚼槟榔习惯的地区,以长期咀嚼槟榔对口腔健康的危害为重点,针对性地开展宣传教育和口腔健康检查,促进牙周、口腔黏膜病变等疾病早诊早治。

                                                                                                                                                                            49岁的汪腊生是湖南桃江县人,去年10月和今年4月因为患口腔癌已经动了两次手术,从胸部和腿部取肌肉组织进行口腔修复,现在手术刀口依然没有完全愈合。

                                                                                                                                                                            43岁的黄国友是湖南永州人,2019年春节期间口腔癌病发,住进中南大学湘雅医院口腔颌面外科接受治疗,现在说话明显口齿不清。

                                                                                                                                                                            中南大学湘雅医院口腔颌面外科教授翦新春介绍,这两名病人有一个共同的特点就是他们俩都长期咀嚼槟榔,而且咀嚼量很大。

                                                                                                                                                                            北京大学口腔医院院长 教授 郭传瑸:因为槟榔咀嚼以后会造成一种病变,就是黏膜下的纤维化,你可以看到他的黏膜没有什么弹性、硬的,张嘴是受限的。

                                                                                                                                                                            据统计,中南大学湘雅医院、湘雅二院、湘雅三院等长沙5家医院口腔癌患者的接诊数量,2005年为305例,而到2016年则上涨到了2108例。翦新春教授介绍,他接诊的口腔癌患者中,有80%左右都有长期咀嚼槟榔的习惯。

                                                                                                                                                                            据国家癌症中心发布的《全国癌症统计报告2018版》显示:我国在2016年新确诊口腔癌5.5万例。专家认为,整个社会应加大对防治口腔癌的宣传力度,让更多人了解这一疾病。

                                                                                                                                                                            

                                                                                                                                                                            北京大学口腔医院院长 教授 郭传瑸:这几年我们也鼓励我们的大夫,包括我们医院有关的部门来做一些这种宣传,宣教的工作。譬如说我们有一个大夫,他就是以漫画的形式来讲这个口腔癌如何发生,怎么早诊断早治疗,该怎么治疗?